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118                        SCUOTUBES


trrampklcoiamnwithabell capital surmounted by winged lions supporting
the figare of an elephant The reverse has an ornamental border enclosing a
abort inscription in idiieh the name of the donor is given as Mngali-pntra.
411-A ckaumukhi, or pillar of four (headless) Buddhas, seated back to back}
we! executed in fee white stone. 5th,—A chanmukU of focr standisg nude
figures, roogHy carved in coarse red sandstone. 6&-A pair of eohmns,
3i feet high, characterisdcally carved with three horizontal hands of eonven-
tional foliage and festoons, Vnioh are slightly suggestive of a classic model
7&-A ewss-bai of a Baadhist railing with a seulptored isedallion on either
side. 8&—A small sea:ed figure -whh sk persons standing in a line below,
three on each side of a ckakra which tier ar6 adoring. There is an inscription'
ia one Use as follows :—
SiddJuzm. Jlvikuya datta BJdkshusya r&arasya ;
Which I would translate thus : * May it prosper ; the gift o£ Jivika, a
mendicant, for the monastery."
It is worthy of remark tkt no-definite line of foundation has ever been
tronght to light nor any large remains of plain masonry superstructure ; bat only
a confused medley of broken statues without even the pedestals on which they
must have been originally erected. His suggests a suspicion that possibly
there never vas a temple oa the sire, bat that the sculptures were brought
from different places in the neighbourhood and here thrown into a pit by the
Huhammadans to be buried. They clearly belong to two very difcent periods.
The mow ancient are roughly carred in coarse red sandstone and, whenever
there is any lettering, it is in Pali ; the more modern display much higher
artistic skill, are executed in much finer material, and all the inscriptions are in
the Sagari character, one being apparently dated in the twelfth century after
Christ Bat upon tie whole I conclude that the discorery of no foundations
m ati is rather to be explained by tie fact tJhat the mound has long served as a
quarry, and that tricks and small blocks of stone, being more useful for ordinary
building purposes; *«& all fee removed, when cumbrous and at the same time
broken statues might be left undisturbed.
It ispossiMeiiat here may have stood the Upagnpta monastery, mentioned
by Hwen fhsang. As there k no trace of any large tank in its immediate
proiimity, it was more probably the site of a isonastery ihan of astupa Fora
ink was almost a necessary concomitant of £e latter ; its excavation supply™
the earth for&e construction of fee nioraad, in the centre of which thebelies
were                 Hence a diffim* prc^ure has to be dopted in exploring a